Baseball BeatMay 29, 2007
A Roundtable with Three of the Country's Top Draft Experts
By Rich Lederer

Baseball Analysts will devote the next two weeks to the draft, starting with today's roundtable discussion, followed by Q&A's with many of the top prospects, and culminating in live blogging the first day of the draft on June 7 for the third consecutive year. The draft will be televised for the first time with ESPN2 offering coverage from 2 p.m. - 6 p.m. ET.

In the spirit of our Designated Hitter series where we reach out to guest columnists to supplement the contributions of our writers/analysts, I was pleased when Baseball America's Jim Callis, John Manuel, and Alan Matthews agreed to participate in a roundtable to discuss this year's draft. Callis, Manuel, and Matthews are three of the foremost experts when it comes to analyzing prospects and the draft. Our guests have talked extensively with scouts and scouting directors, as well as high school and college coaches.

Founded in 1981, Baseball America has been providing in-depth scouting summaries and draft analysis for more than a quarter of a century. Baseball America has the most up-to-date prospect information anywhere. Readers can access this information online and through various publications. Premium content is also available to subscribers for an annual fee.

Grab a cup of coffee, pull up a chair, and listen in as Jim, John, Alan, and I discuss next week's draft. Enjoy.

Rich: The amateur draft is just over a week away. Are general managers and scouting directors excited about this year's crop of players?

John: My sense is, even in years where they say they aren't, they are. This is a year when they are, but last year, we heard all spring "it's a bad draft," and I for one fell for it. But it was pretty good on the mound—perhaps extraordinary when you consider Tim Lincecum and Andrew Miller so far, and the potential of other pitchers. Last year was a pretty darn good draft for college pitching, and this year pales in comparison. Yet this year is the real deal in terms of high school talent, and scouts have known that since last year.

I think a lot of SDs have some Lou Holtz in them and have to because every time they say Player X is good, Player X's agent drives up the price. So publicly, before the draft, I think scouts always try to downplay the talent, but they are talent evaluators, and they love baseball, and when they see good players, they get excited. By this time of year, they've seen a lot of good players.

Jim: It does seem like there's talk every year about how the talent is down, but I don't think that's because guys are trying to drive prices down. With slotting, we already know what the majority of guys are going to get before they get picked. I think that talk comes more because some of the veteran scouts think of the days of old, when football and basketball (and skateboarding and whatever other sports you want to throw out there) didn't siphon away as many athletes. Also, teams weren't as emphatic about signing as many of the top athletes and arms out of high school every year, so the college crops (particularly in the 1980s) were a lot stronger. These days, a lot of those kids sign out of high school, and the college crops don't seem as strong.

Despite that talk, most drafts produce a similar amount of talent. Some years it's less apparent than other, such as in 2000 when the first round was pretty bleak but guys like Brandon Webb and Dontrelle Willis were around in the eighth round. The talent is there—it's up to the teams to find out where it is.

John: How many scouts, Jim, were scouts in days of old when football didn't take the best prospects? I think Art Stewart and maybe 5-10 other guys, but 25 years ago was 1982, football already was king, and that argument doesn't wash. Even with slotting, teams and scouts are extremely wary of agents and their influence on the draft. We can debate to what extent, though I think we're trying to entertain people, so maybe we shouldn't.

Jim: A lot of your scouting directors now were area scouts or players back in the halcyon days of the 1980s, so they experience with the deeper crops. Also, I really don't think guys are trying to drive prices down—those prices are pretty well established by the slots. A lot of them aren't beholden to MLB anyway, they're going to speak their mind and do believe the talent isn't as good these days.

Alan: Getting back to the original question, in my, albeit brief, five years of covering the draft and amateur players, this year's class seems to be more compelling than any I've reported on. It's not so much because of the high-end talent—David Price and Matt Wieters are exciting in their own right—but to me the reason for enthusiasm this year is the depth and diversity of the class. Over the years there have been a lot of great players drafted well beyond the first handful of picks, and that should hold true perhaps more than ever when we look back at this class. You can easily imagine a scenario unfolding where the No. 40 or 50 or even 74 pick becomes an all-star down the road.

Rich: Other than at the very top of the draft—and I mean the very top—it looks like a good year for high schoolers.

Jim: Scouts and scouting directors are very excited about the high school crop. There are eight high school pitchers who, based on talent, could go in the first 20 picks. There's also a tremendous crop of high school hitters, comparable to 2005 and perhaps even stronger. The college side of things isn't as bright. Position players are weak, particularly in terms of middle infielders and center fielders, and righthanders who excited people are few and far between. There are a lot of good lefthanders and some catching depth.

Alan: Exactly. I can't help but think back to the first high school showcase I attended, less than two weeks after the 2006 draft, which was reserved for some of the best high school players in this class. At one point, I thought my radar gun was broken because over a three-day span there must have been 40 pitchers that were all throwing 90 mph-plus. It was like that movie Groundhog Day, only instead of Bill Murray it seemed like every kid that trotted out to the mound was Josh Beckett. It was obvious at that point that this was an exceptional high school class. The diversity is pretty unique. I can't recall a time when, in one single draft class, there was the perfect type of player to fit each team's preference in terms of what they look for in high school talent.

There are awesome power pitchers in the Northeast with Rick Porcello and Matt Harvey, as well as Indiana's Jarrod Parker and Canadian righthander Phillippe Aumont. Out West you have Mike Moustakas and Josh Vitters, a couple of polished hitters with power, and there is also some really interesting middle infield talent across the country. And don't forget, Robert Stock, who left high school a year early last fall and enrolled at Southern Cal, would have been a draft-eligible, power-hitting, switch-hitting catcher available in this class. Perhaps Robert was smarter than all of us, knew how stiff the competition was going to be in this year's class and opted to wait a few years before entering the draft.

Rich: Well, let's do as much of a mock draft as possible. Are we all in agreement that David Price will be—or at least should be—the first pick?

Jim: Price will be and should be the No. 1 overall pick. The consensus among most scouting directors is that Price stands above everyone else in his draft class. As one put it, "There's David Price, but after that there aren't a lot of top-of-the-draft guys." I'd say that he's rated just slightly higher than Andrew Miller was as the top prospect last year. Price also is advised by Bo McKinnis, so there shouldn't be much risk of protracted negotiations. He'll probably get the standard contract given to the best college pitchers each year, a big league deal worth from $5 million to $6 million, and MLB may have the Rays wait to announce it because it doesn't want that deal to affect others. Price also would be a good fit for Tampa Bay. The Rays' biggest weakness in the majors is pitching, even though they have some impressive arms coming up through the minors.

John: I think Price should be, though I do think a case could be made for Matt Wieters. If "signability" weren't a factor, I'd really want to know, if I were running a club, if my scouts thought Wieters could catch and throw at the big league level. It sounds like he can, and it sounds like he can hit. A switch-hitting C, possible repeat all-star kind of talent, versus a front-of-the-rotation LHP. I'd actually consider organization need in that case, because to me both are legit 1/1 overall talents, and you're not selling yourself short on talent. In the end I'd still take Price, but it's pretty close on talent, for me. I don't think there's another true 1/1 talent in the draft; it's down to those two.

Alan: The deal breaker comes in your evaluation of Price, for me. If he's a true No. 1 pitcher, and some scouts think he is, I don't see how you can walk away from him, regardless of your evaluation of Wieters. I don't think R.J. Harrison, the Devil Rays scouting director, has any doubts about Wieters' ability to catch and throw. Let's not forget, Harrison himself was a tall, lanky catcher in his days in college at Arizona State who was drafted by the Cardinals. But based on the way Price has pitched, my hunch is the Rays' like him as a future No. 1 pitcher, recognize the lack of starting pitching in Tampa Bay at present, and make Price their choice.

Rich: OK, Tampa Bay selects Price. Kansas City is now on the board. Do they go for Wieters, pull a Luke Hochevar and take Max Scherzer, or grab Rick Porcello, presumably the best high school pitcher in the draft?

John: Scherzer is less of a starting pitcher; some scouts think he's best suited to relieve. You don't take a reliever No. 2 overall, or you shouldn't anyway unless it's Mariano Rivera. I see no reason why the Royals should pass on Wieters if they have no problem with Boras clients, but it sounds like they are leaning more toward Porcello, also a Boras client. They need pitching more than hitting so I can see why they are leaning Porcello, not a whole lot wrong with taking him here, but I'm not sure he's the best HS pitcher in this draft (he's the consensus choice, but Jarrod Parker has a more electric arm/stuff). Unless I was sure Porcello was the next-best pitcher available after Price, I'd go with Wieters, the best college bat and one who plays a premium position.

Jim: The Royals don't seem to be on Wieters or California high school third baseman Josh Vitters as much as other teams at the top of the draft, so I think that's a good indication they're looking for pitching. I agree with John in that Scherzer may well wind up being a reliever when all is said and done. If they're taking the top pitcher regardless of cost, I think it's probably Porcello. If they want to shy away from Boras guys, I think they lean to a homestate guy in Missouri State lefty Ross Detwiler. Clemson lefty Daniel Moskos would be another option.

Rich: Speaking of Vitters, it seems as if the Cubs, drafting third, have been the club most associated with him. I saw him take batting practice with a wood bat after a recent game in a "private" session for a certain GM, and, based on his performance, I can tell you that he's not going to get past the team with the sixth pick.

Alan: I don't think Cubs scouting director Tim Wilken could resist taking Vitters. Vitters is a high school hitter that has shown hittability beyond his years. His swing mechanics are outstanding, he has projection remaining and he has an agent that will keep things neat and tidy, making negotiations a non-factor.

Jim: Vitters will go very good, obviously. He and Mike Moustakas are the two best pure hitters in the draft. Even though they have Aramis Ramirez locked up for a while, we do keep hearing the Cubs on Vitters—which reinforces the notion that you take the best guy and don't draft for need in the first round. I've been hearing a lot of Jarrod Parker with the Cubs, too. He's the high school righthander from Indiana who has thrown consistently harder than any draft prospect this spring.

John: The Pirates really hope Vitters is there for them at No. 4 and that the Cubs look elsewhere, because Vitters fits well for them (though of course they also have Neil Walker, their 2004 first-round pick, in the minors at third base). He's a smooth hitter with significant power potential, and he was the best player on the summer showcase circuit in 2006; he rose to every occasion. The Pirates need hitters. More than anything they need to have a draft that goes more than one pick deep. I'm not a fan of their second-round picks the last few years, guys like Brad Corley and Mike Felix, and you build a good draft by having multiple players who end up reaching the big leagues.

Rich: If Vitters doesn't make it past the Cubs at No. 3, then who do you suppose the Pirates take at 4?

Alan: I wouldn't put it past Ed Creech to take the high school pitcher he thinks is the best on the board with this pick. If Porcello and Parker are both there, I wouldn't be surprised if the Bucs jumped up and nabbed one of them. They've had some success drafting high school players in the first round recently (Andrew McCutchen, Walker), and while they have fortified their rotation with some nice lefthanders like Tom Gorzelanny and Paul Maholm, who had some college experience, I think Creech and his staff take ceiling over steadiness, and as attractive as Moskos and Detwiler would be (two other options with this pick).

Jim: I keep hearing Vitters is the guy the Pirates really want at No. 4. What Alan says is true, and most clubs will take the best guy available on their board regardless of any specific need, but I can't see Pittsburgh taking another college first-round pitcher when they've had trouble keeping them healthy (Bryan Bullington, John VanBenschoten, Brad Lincoln) and especially a lefty when they have Zach Duke, Gorzelanny and Maholm in their rotation. They need a hitter and I think they'll take one. The tough part is that there's no great fit. I don't see them spending for Wieters or a Boras guy, and who does that leave them? The best value then would be Georgia high school outfielder Jason Heyward, and while he'd make some sense, he'd be an overdraft. Lewis-Clark State slugger Beau Mills would be more of an overdraft, and a lot of guys view him as a DH. If Vitters is gone, it's tough to figure out Pittsburgh's pick.

Rich: If Wieters is still on the board at this point, does he become baseball's version of Brady Quinn where everyone begins to wonder just how far he might slide?

John: It sounds like the Pirates want to go hitter but not so badly that they want to draft a Boras client, so Wieters may be out of the mix there. The Orioles also apparently are backing off Boras clients, and it's hard to then find a match for Wieters. Jim had him going 18 to the Cardinals in our mock draft; the team that should take him, if he falls, is the Giants at 10. They have no homegrown catcher, could use a C and could really use an impact bat, and they certainly deal with Boras at the major league level (Barry Bonds in the past and Barry Zito). Plus they have extra picks, so why not roll the dice?

Jim: Wieters is the best college position player in the draft, but I think he could slide considerably. There's no definite home for him. MLB is putting a lot of pressure on clubs not to exceed slot recommendations, and there aren't many teams in the top half of the draft that will be willing to do that.

Alan: As far as Wieters slipping, I guess it's not inconceivable because he won't be accepting a couple mil and food stamps. But I can't find many people who don't like him—really like him—so general sentiment is that he's worth the price, so let's go get it. Kansas City doesn't pick again until No. 67. So theoretically money that they would have used to sign a player for second-round slot could trickle over to use with their first pick, or to go get someone over slot at 67. Maybe that's the surplus cash they need to get Wieters done.

Mind you, this is all such an arbitrary exercise. One pick can affect the next, and so on and so forth, and other than RJ Harrison telling us that he was down to three players, not a single GM or scouting director has told us or anyone else who they are going to take, so this is all hypothetical. Predicting the draft is fun, but let's not pretend like we have some top secret information here, or a scientific formula to figure it out. What Jim does the day before the draft, by stacking up the picks when teams are actually finally locked in on one or two players, carries plenty of weight. But it's awfully optimistic to think you can nail these picks any more than a day or two before the draft.

Rich: I agree, Alan. With that in mind, let's shift gears here a bit. Rather than discussing the draft pick-by-pick, let's talk about a number of players by groups. There are four high school third basemen—or at least players who project to play the hot corner at the professional level—who could be drafted in the top half of the first round. Three of them are from California. One of them is Vitters, who we have talked about. The other two Californians are Moustakas, who Jim mentioned, and his Chatsworth HS teammate Matt Dominguez. The fourth is Kevin Ahrens out of Memorial HS in Houston, Texas. How would you rank these players, why, and are there natural fits for any or all of them?

Jim: Vitters and Moustakas are the cream of that crop, and they're also the two best high school hitters in this draft. Vitters is going to go in the top 3-4 picks as we've discussed, while projecting Moustakas is more dicey because he's advised by Scott Boras. Sounds like the Brewers aren't afraid of spending money on this draft, and I had them taking Moustakas in our mock draft, but Boras may try to send him to a team with more money. Dominguez is a very good defender, the best third-base defender in the draft since Ryan Zimmerman. His bat isn't as good as the other two guys, and I think he'll fit in the middle of the first round to someone like the Reds or Blue Jays. Ahrens, who draws a lot of Chipper Jones comps because he's a switch-hitter with power, projects more as a late first-rounder, but the Reds apparently have a lot of interest in him at No. 15. Don't be surprised if another Texas high school third baseman, Will Middlebrooks, sneaks into the end of the first round.

Alan: I’d rank Vitters 1, Moustakas 2, Dominguez 3 and Ahrens 4. Ahrens is pretty interesting. He has a nice stroke and fluid actions, with good body control on defense and he just does everything easily, which has as much to do with his comparisons to Jones as his profile. Dominguez has a lot of upside, and the only reason he’s not higher on the list is because of some things he does in his setup and swing mechanics that draw some red flags. But he can really mash. He doesn’t get to his power as often as Moustakas and Vitters right now, but he really launches balls when he connects.

Rich: I like Dominguez's upside, too. He hit two home runs at Dodger Stadium in championship high school games his sophomore and junior years, as well as one of four dingers with a wood bat in the Area Code Games at Blair Field last summer.

Alan: Yeah, it’s a buggy-whip swing, he really cocks the barrel and let’s it rip. He’s got the intangibles, as well. Another interesting aspect about he and Moustakas is that neither one of them showcased heavily as underclassmen. They weren’t overexposed, but made the right appearances at the right time to ensure that scouts could see them against good pitching (because they don’t see much in their high school league). Their makeup has been lauded by USA Baseball personnel, and they were two leaders for the junior national team that won a silver medal last fall in Cuba.

Rich: While on the high school front, there are as many as six righthanders (Porcello, Parker, Harvey, Aumont, Michael Main, and Blake Beavan) who could figure prominently in the first round. Which one throws the hardest? Who has the best overall stuff? Which pitcher is the surest thing and which one has the highest ceiling?

Jim: You could even say seven, as Tim Alderson could sneak into the end of the first round. Jarrod Parker throws the hardest, harder than anyone in this draft. He has touched 98 mph more often than anyone in this draft and also shown a pretty nasty slider at times. He has the best overall stuff. Rick Porcello is right there with him, and he has a bigger, stronger frame, so he'd be a little bit better bet and have a little higher ceiling.

Alan: Porcello has reportedly also hit 98, but the difference in terms of fastball velocity between he and Parker is negligible, in my opinion. I have seen them both pitch, and Parker does it a little easier. His arm action is splendid, and just so easy and clean. If he was 6-foot-4, rather than 6-feet, he’d have to be in the mix with Price at No. 1, so that should tell you just how good Jarrod Parker is. I would say that Harvey and Main are right there with Parker and Porcello in terms of overall stuff. Harvey’s changeup is a plus pitch and he has shown great ability to spot it down and away from lefthanded hitters. Main’s breaking ball is outstanding, and he has such good command of it, along with Josh Smoker’s curveball, it’s among the best pitches in the class. Porcello’s slider has more power to it, and Parker’s breaking ball also is a power pitch, but again, we’re talking about a slight difference, and in many cases, just personal preference. Some scouts like curveballs and others are happy with sliders, so breaking down the stuff of these guys is like going to a BMW dealership and having your choice of models. For me, ceiling is Parker and surest thing is Porcello.

Rich: Just as righthanders seem to have the upper hand (so to speak) on the high school front, the college side of the equation seems to favor southpaws.

John: We did an entire feature on scouting LHPs in the draft preview issue because this draft is so heavy in college LHPs. David Price is in a class by himself; he's the best pitcher in college baseball, period. After him, Ross Detwiler and Daniel Moskos are our next two college LHPs, and Detwiler's more polished, has more projection (6-foot-4 but just 175 pounds) and is considered the better prospect. He could go anywhere from 2 (though the Royals apparently saw him pitch poorly) and 9 (don't think he'll get past the D-backs). Moskos is a three-pitch guy who could be a dominant reliever or middle-of-the-rotation power armed starter. The next college LHPs run the gamut—Nick Schmidt has polish and command of three average pitches, and impressed in a complete-game shutout at the SEC tournament against Alabama. Joe Savery has had minor shoulder surgery, but at his best he could be the second-best college LHP after Price. I've always likened him to Mark Mulder as a two-way athlete (hitter and pitcher) with firm low-90s stuff, command of his secondary stuff and an easy, repeatable delivery that should lead to durability. (Mulder was very durable in his first 6 years in MLB, four 200-plus IP seasons.)

Other first-round possiblities include Maryland closer Brett Cecil, who also has shown the three-pitch mix necessary to start but I like better in the pen because of his wipeout mid-80s slide piece; Aaron Poreda, the tight end-sized San Francisco LHP who works off a mid-90s fastball that has touched 97 but has middling secondary stuff; and relievers Nick Hagadone (Washington, up to 95 mph) and Cole St. Clair (Rice, shoulder injury red flags). My college LHP sleeper is Brad Mills, a senior out of Arizona, he's a back-of-the-rotation guy but I love the guy's intelligence and three-pix mitch, and I think he could move quickly.

Rich: Speaking of the surname Mills, there is a righthander out of UNC Charlotte with the first name of Adam who has put up numbers as good as or better than any college pitcher in the country. I know he's on the small side at just six feet. But he throws strikes and does a pretty good job at missing bats and inducing groundballs. What do scouts think of him? And where do you see him going?

John: Adam Mills has had the best season of any player in college baseball in terms of production, but the Atlantic-10 is probably as bad as it gets this year in college baseball. He's dominating inferior competition with an upper-80s fastball, pitchability, a decent slider and changeup. He's not a threat to go high unless it's to a "Moneyball" kind of team, but the scouts I've talked to about him remain skeptical. Hard to root against the guy, his consistency is amazing. Think he'll go 4-6 round range.

Rich: While doing a run of the Mills, let's not forget Beau, the lefthanded-hitting 3B/1B out of Lewis-Clark State College (Idaho). How does his bat compare to the other college sluggers, such as Matt LaPorta (1B, Florida), Kyle Russell (RF, Texas), and Kellen Kulbacki (OF, James Madison)?

John: In our run on Mills (well played), Beau Mills has strength and leverage in his swing, big league bloodlines and a lefty power bat. He'll go better than any college hitter not named Matt Wieters and could be the first college hitter picked, NAIA or not. If he can play 3B, he's got a chance to be a real stud, but it sounds like his arm is below-average and that may push him across the diamond to first base. I'm a Kyle Russell believer, it sounds like he'll always strike out a lot, but he has mad power, in my mind the most raw power in the draft, and he's athletic enough to play some CF (though he's more of an RF). But guys who swing and miss that much just don't have a great track record. He set a Cape Cod League strikeouts record, he still is swinging and missing a lot, and he seems allergic to good breaking balls. Maybe he's a lefty Rob Deer . . . ?

Kellen Kulbacki isn't in this class; he's closer to Cal Poly slugger Grant Desme, in the next tier of power hitters/college hitters. Matt LaPorta is the real wild card, as a Scott Boras client, as a guy who was hurt last year (strained oblique) and is now having as good a year as any college hitter in recent memory. Still, he's a righthanded-hitting, righthanded-throwing 1B who is limited defensively somewhat. He's improved on that front but you're buying the bat. How much are you going to pay for that bat, and if he doesn't hit 30 home runs, he's probably not worth it, he's not going to bring much more to the table. He's probably more Rob Deer than anyone in the draft, without Deer's RF defense. I'm just not a huge Matt LaPorta guy personally, but the guy can rake, you have to respect his performance.

Jim: The consensus is that Wieters is the best college position player in the draft, but there are at least a couple of scouting directors out there who would take Mills' bat over Wieters'. That's not the consensus, but it shows you what people think of Mills. And while Mills has posted crazy numbers against NAIA competition, don't forget that he's hit D-I pitching at Fresno State and in the Cape Cod League in the past. I'd take him over LaPorta, because he hits lefthanded (LaPorta hits righty) and has a small prayer of being more than a first baseman. Russell has obliterated the home run record at Texas, but the majority of clubs think his success won't carry over to pro ball. They just don't like his swing or his approach or his track record at the Area Code Games and Cape Cod League. He'll still go late first round or early sandwich round, though.

Rich: If it's going to take a million dollars to get Russell to sign as a draft-eligible sophomore, I guess I'm at a loss as to why teams would spend a late first or early sandwich round pick on him when nobody was willing to do the same on Tim Lincecum two years ago? Lincecum was passed over by every club for 41 rounds. Cleveland finally selected him but never offered the million dollars Lincecum was seeking--even in the aftermath of a fantastic Cape Cod summer when he led the league with a 0.69 ERA and struck out 68 batters in 39 innings.

Jim: Teams made a mistake on Lincecum, plain and simple. There were rumors he wanted $2 million before the draft, and I'm not sure what the official word from the Lincecum camp was, but with the concerns about his size and delivery, thrown in with the concerns about the signability, he plummeted. This happens to a lot of the best draft-eligible sophomores, where if they aren't perceived as very signable, they're perceived as very unsignable because of their extra leverage, if that makes any sense. The Indians did make a run at Lincecum after the Cape season, but it wasn't enough to sign him. Looking back now, I'd take him over any player in the 2006 draft at this point.

Rich: Winding down here, are there any jucos or draft-and-follow types we should be aware of?

John: Calif. JCs were a bit down this year, no Tommy Hansons, but Santa Rosa JC's Matt Thompson could go quite high, three-pitch RHP who's not under control to anyone and has touched 94 mph; also Riverside CC 3B Matt Clark, who led Calif. JCs in home runs, should go in the 3-5 round range, his dad is Terry Clark, ex-big league RHP, current Frisco pitching coach (Rangers, Double-A).

Jim: From a national perspective, the top draft-and-follows are Broward (Fla.) CC righthander Matt Latos (Padres), Grayson County (Texas) CC righty Jordan Walden, Delgado (La.) CC outfielder Lee Haydel (Brewers) and Western Nevada lefty Cole Rohrbaugh (Braves). All of those guys could factor in the first couple of rounds if they don't sign. Reports are that Latos is seeking more than $3 million, and that's crazy. He's not going to get half of that if he re-enters the draft.

Rich: How will this year's new signing deadline affect draft choices and negotiations?

Jim: In MLB's mind, I think it believes that it has given teams a lot of leverage. I don't see it. A deadline is a deadline, and Scott Boras is going to back teams up against it whether it's August 15 or something more fluid like the old rule (first day a player attends class, or a week before the next draft if he doesn't attend school). Boras is very good at his job, and he doesn't care when the deadline is; he just needs a deadline to work with. The new rule giving teams better compensation for unsigned first-round picks and compensation for unsigned sandwich-, second- and third-rounders isn't going to do much either. It's a better consolation prize, but every scouting director I've talked to wants to sign his picks now. They're not going to try to hardline anyone to make a point for MLB.

So on one hand, you have MLB thinking it has given teams more leverage and looking to chop the slot recommendations for every bonus in the first 10 rounds down by roughly 10 percent. And on the other hand, we're coming off a year where the Red Sox, Yankees and Cubs were very aggressive about teams signing players over slot, worrying about getting talent rather than toeing the line—exactly the approach I would take if I had the money. The average team spends $5 million a year on the draft. If you take that number up to $7 million, you can add a few more high-quality prospects. We could be headed for a summer where MLB expects more slotting enforcement, and instead you have more teams willing to break ranks.

John: Who knows what will happen on the draft signing deadline; the law of unintended consequences may apply. I will say time is leverage in negotiations, and now agents have less time, so I'd say they have less leverage. But a lot of those guys are quite smart and know how to make rules work for them, so we'll see.

Alan: The deadline also will place some additional significance in the summers of players who were drafted but not considered a lock to sign right after the draft. They’ll be some players, especially college draft-eligible sophomores and a bevy of second-tier high school players, who fall out of the first three or four rounds because they were perceived as tough to sign for close-to-slot money there. They’ll be drafted in the later rounds, and followed over the course of the summer. That Aug. 15 deadline comes as summer leagues are wrapping up for college wood bat leagues, and right when the high school summer showcase and wood bat tournament circuit winds down. So they’ll be a lot of players under control over the course of the summer that teams will continue to scout right up to Aug. 15.

Rich: Lightning round. What's with guys named Chris Carpenter and elbow surgeries?

Jim: Carpenter is a righthander at Kent State, the highest unsigned high school pitcher from the 2004 draft (seventh round, Tigers). He has come back from Tommy John surgery and a second elbow operation to throw 93-97 mph down the stretch of the regular season, and could sneak into the first round. But he didn't look as good at the Mid-American Conference tournament, so his stock is dropping a little.

Rich: Scherzer. Signs with Arizona or goes back in the draft?

John: Back in draft.

Jim: I concur, I think he's back in the draft. Not many concrete figures are out there, but word is the Diamondbacks are offering around $3 million and Scherzer/Boras are looking for twice that. I like Scherzer, but I wouldn't give him more than $3 million, if that, or a big league contract. Very good arm, but I think he's more of a closer than a frontline starter.

Alan: I think he’ll go unsigned, and with the lack of frontline college righthanders in this year’s draft, the numbers are in his favor to get more money than he can suck out of Arizona.

Rich: Andrew Brackman. Power forward, power pitcher, or power outage?

John: Pitcher, but he's raw. He's not that great at basketball, really.

Jim: Again, I concur with John. Definitely a pitcher, but he's very raw and not a sure thing. He isn't a Jeff Samardzija, who would have been a second- or third-round pick in this year's NFL draft.

Alan: He has more upside than Samardzija, in my opinion, but I don’t think his mental approach matches his talent, and that might be one reason he hasn't been able to capture his potential quite yet.

Rich: If you're running a team, go with slot money or deal with Scott Boras?

John: Limiting your talent pool in the draft, whether by only picking college players or only picking non-Boras clients, is a bad idea.

Jim: This doesn't make for a dramatic roundtable, but again I concur with John. If you ignore Boras clients because they're Boras clients, you're ignoring some pretty serious talent. And the whole slotting thing hurts teams that buy into it. If I'm one of the 25 or so teams that will adhere to slot, that means some of my competitors are going to get some top talent that falls in the draft. I understand why MLB wants to keep bonuses down, but how is slotting going to help me win? It's not.

Alan: Jim is right on, but you have to set a dollar amount on every player at the top of your board, and stick to it. If you think a player is worth $2 million and he falls to you, but you can get him for $2 million, who cares what MLB has recommended. I’m going after the player. If it’s Matt Latos, and you think he’s worth $1.5 million, you call the boy and ask him if he’ll sign for that, regardless of which round you get him in. If he says yes, you get him, but if he wants more than that, let him walk. Make it as black and white as possible, have conviction in your evaluations of the player, place a number on him, and if they want more money than that, take him off your board.

Rich: How about in reverse? You're the father of a potential first-round pick . . . take slot money or hire Boras?

Alan: Well, I’m hiring Boras, but I’m probably going to have a little more involvement in negotiations than he wants. I’ll let him do his job, but in the end, I’m calling the shots. It’s my son, his career, and Boras works for us. There have been plenty of Boras clients who have signed for slot money. The player just has to make sure that he’s the one with ultimate say in when, and for what, he signs.

Jim: Well, if he's an elite player, I'm not so sure he should have to take slot money. But as much respect as I have for the money Scott gets his players, I think you're better off having him as your agent if you're a big-time major league free agent. I wouldn't want him as a draft agent. Too many teams are going to pass on players just because they're represented by Scott.

John: I still say go to college. Unless my son's headed for the first five picks and a major league contract, he's going to college. In fact, I already have his college picked out for him . . . As for picking an agent, if you're just going to sign for slot—if you make the decision as a family, "I'm a first-rounder and I want to go out right now, I don't want to go to college," then either (a) hire Boras or (b) don't hire an agent at all. If you're going to hold out for top dollar, Boras is the best agent for that (though other agents certainly are good at what they do; I'm just answering how the question was asked). Boras' business plan is not dependent on your son's bonus. But if you are so motivated to sign, you don't need an agent—sign for slot and save the commission, and hire an agent after your son becomes a professional. It doesn't take an agent to sign for slot, there's no negotiation going on.

Rich: Should teams be allowed to trade picks?

John: No. Everyone has money, draft the guys you want and sign them for what you want to pay them. Teams need to have more fortitude, not flexibility to trade picks.

Jim: I'll disagree here! Trading draft picks could give agents more leverage of forcing their clients where they want, though slotting does that to. There are some people opposed to this, but I think it would make the draft more interesting, so I'm for it.

Alan: Absolutely. Some teams might actually prefer to draft for need as opposed to upside, so if you’re in a position to get the player(s) you need the most later in the draft, take advantage of having lost those 85 games last summer and trade down for a minor league prospect and a later pick. Also, a team might feel like it has a projection nailed on a perceived later-round talent. Rather than risk letting him sit there for 29 more picks (or more than that, depending on how spread out the team’s picks are in the sandwich rounds), trade down to the area where you are comfortable the player will still be there. That way you pick up a prospect or major leaguer (though I don’t think there would be many teams willing to trade major leaguers for higher draft position) and you still get the guy you wanted, while rewarding your scouts for projecting a player that other teams were not on.

Rich: What will be the biggest surprise this year?

Jim: I think the biggest surprise to most followers of the draft will be how many high school players go in the first round, especially pitchers. College players are not superior to high school players—talent is talent—and this year's draft crop is much stronger on the high school side. You could see as many as 9-10 high school pitchers and 7-8 high school hitters taken in the first round.

Alan: Well, I don’t think that should be as huge of a surprise as Jim suggests, simply because we’ve been saying that for 11 months now, but I guess people who have only followed the draft recently seem to have engrained in their mind that the first round is meant for college players mostly, but that has not been the case over the 40-year history of the draft. I think the surprise will be with the number of high school players that slide after the first and supplemental rounds. There are some egregious bonus demands out there with a lot of these high school players. A lot of agents are floating dollar figures that are not close to the amount of money their client warrants receiving as a bonus, and they’re going to be free-falling on draft day.

John: This draft will be full of them, with no draft-and-follows, a signing date; it has significant "different" potential. I think you'll see a huge number of holdouts as agents try to use the little leverage they have while MLB tries to drive signing bonuses further down. I don't anticipate a pleasant summer in terms of signings.

Rich: OK, guys. We'll leave it at that. Thanks for your time and expertise.

[Additional reader comments and retorts at the Baseball Think Factory/Baseball Primer Newsblog.]


I have been arguing with a guy on for a couple days now. He claims that Vitters is overrated because he only hit like .370 this season in HS. I am arguing to the effect that high school stats are near useless. My question is, how useless are high school stats? and can you think of any other all star caliber players who hit mediocre in high school? Thanks

Kyle Drabek & Jesse Barfield Jr. both hit under .400 and deserved to be drafted in the first round and were. Even the great hitters have trouble with some very bad high school pitching. Also, most HS coaches are below average at best. There is a monumnetal difference between a college coach and a HS coach. These players do not respond to some terrible high school coaching. Drabek & Barfield had very good coaches though.

First off I don't know as much as the roundtable participants, so I'll defer to their expertise, but I think high school hitters and high school pitchers are two totally different things. As a team I would have no problem drafting a high school hitter who my scouts like, but would be very leery of taking such a young pitcher, since no matter how good their stuff is, so many of them blow out their arms.

As a parent or prospect I would go the opposite way, if I'm a high school pitcher and the bonus money is pretty good then I take it. If I was a great young hitter and wanted to go to college, it would take an astounding amount of money to sign me, since I would figure I am just going to get even more money after I graduate.

Vitters hit about .400 with 9 HR in 77 AB. As a result, his stats were just fine. He also missed three weeks earlier in the season with pneumonia and wasn't at full strength upon his return.

As to whether stats are important, the short answer is "yes" but not as a standalone measure. All stats, especially at the high school level, have to be viewed within the proper context. The level of competition can have a huge effect on a HS player's stats. Ballpark effects are usually a more minor consideration. But the most important matter of all for a high school player is whether he can hit with a wood bat. How a hitter performs with an aluminum bat is almost meaningless if he has never shown much of an ability to hit with a wood bat.

In the case of Vitters, he has consistently hit with a wood bat in showcases against the very best high school pitchers in the country. Josh likes to hit with a wood bat and has a proven track record of success doing so.

The bottom line is that I wouldn't be concerned at all about his high school stats, which are nothing to be embarrassed about as is.